Four themes were discussed at the USB and IFR seminar titled South Africa 2017: What lies on the horizon? These were education, politics, economics and technology. USB Senior Lecturer Martin Butler talked about TECHNOLOGY. He said interconnectivity is probably making the biggest impact on society today. The Internet of Things is growing exponentially, which means there is an uncertain future that we do not yet understand. Talking about cyber resilience, he said cyber attacks are more common than we think. It is our responsibility to ensure that our passwords cannot be decoded easily. The USA, China, Germany, Brazil and the UK are affected the most by cyber crime. Butler said the Internet of Things has led to the Internet of Everything and ultimately to the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Quoting Porter and Heppelman, he said it is the expanded capabilities of smart, connected products and the data they generate that are ushering in a new era of competition. We had mechanisation, mass production, and then computers and automation. Now comes Industry 4.0 with cyber-physical systems that are blurring the lines. This digital industrial revolution holds the promise of increased flexibility in manufacturing, mass customisation, increased speed, better quality and improved productivity. Technology will be embedded in just about everything of the future. When things go wrong, management must know how to deal with this.